[8th ILO SSE Academy]: SSE in Japan: Legal framework and NPO system

Category: 
East Asia
Local Government
SSE Organisation
Class: 
Cooperatives
Social enterprise
Governance

Presented at: 8th ILO SSE Academy

Organisation: Seoul National University

Date: June 28, 2017

Presenter: Mr. Miura Hiroki (Researcher)

Contacts: sugeun@msn.com

Summary:

The following presentation displays an overview of Japanese SSE. In Japan, the term “SSE” is not a popularized term. Instead, other buzzwords such as “social business,” “community business,” “not-for-profits,” and so on replace the term. The history of SSE in Japan is still a relatively new concept. Some aspects of it are legalized and proper frameworks exist that give a legal entity to these system. At the same time, many other aspects of SSE do not have a legal framework, but indirect support methods are still present for a variety of social businesses. The presentation questions the notion of an ideal institutional model of SSE for Japan and clarifies some important elements that are key in identifying institutional characteristics that makeup the backbones of a plausible legal framework. The NPO system, therefore, is brought up as a possible paragon that the institutional model of SSE can build upon. 

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